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EL DERECHO A VOTAR NULO, BLANCO O VÁLIDO

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EL DERECHO A VOTAR NULO, BLANCO O VÁLIDO

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2L+xZeRs4LRVKivQjnazk837eRt0zJIgYlEaQRzMkUARQ0A0AwYAAiEXmZDDfMDNWWRipcjPvRgjkwHTYxR3vxACspzu7dSwKvCr+pfki0iy1QaQwAgAiVhACAAABMYgIsg0ZGJoDHs8iai3vJIkiEmkNCGmAxiGAwASAZglvNhmvPeENimyNWPEVNk07hLG9/iBCtk4+aACtwe+XkWFPcAFqhIYAQBjAAEwAABkQABMBAQJoYAEmw4AADQwABggABmvPeIAMi3PwMeFeYABPFcPH9AAAP/2Q==La ley del régimen electoral del Estado Plurinacional en el artículo 161 describe los tipos de voto, menciona que existen tres: Voto válido, blanco y voto nulo. Por tanto, en el ejercicio del derecho político podemos optar cada uno de los tipos de voto que menciona la ley.

El voto nulo ocurre cuando se realiza a través de marcas, signos o expresiones realizados fuera de los lugares especificados para marcar el voto que deliberadamente anulen la papeleta o mediante marcas, signos o expresiones que no indiquen con claridad la voluntad de voto.

Son nulos los votos cuando se vota mediante marcas o signos en más de un casilla de voto para un mismo nivel de representación o gobierno; o en más de una opción en referendos y revocatorias de mandato; o cuando se usen papeletas que estén rotas, incompletas o con alteraciones en su impresión; o que sean distintas a las establecidas por el Órgano Electoral Plurinacional.

En las elecciones, nadie puede limitar o promover a usar uno de los tipos de voto, menos prohibir, uno es libre en el uso de cualquiera de los tipos de voto como menciona en la ley de régimen electoral.

Las elecciones judiciales que se llevará realizará el 3 de diciembre, nació con problemas de fondo y esto provoco a políticos de la oposición a promover el voto nulo y que ha generado reacciones de las autoridades de gobierno y al presidente del Tribunal Supremo Electoral de Bolivia en algunos casos autoritariamente.

Sin embargo, por más que esta posibilidad preocupe, irrite y altere a las autoridades de gobierno, en democracia, el voto nulo y el voto blanco son un derecho al igual que el voto válido, son opciones en competencia. El elegir una de esta opciones es una manifestación legitima de la voluntad del soberano que mediante este tipo de voto ejerce su derecho democrático en el momento del sufragio y al mismo tiempo, envía una señal de manifestación ciudadana al sistema político y a la opinión pública en general, dejando constancia de su inconformidad o conformidad con determinadas circunstancias.

Por eso, en todo sistema democrático los votos blancos y nulos son contabilizados y forman parte de los resultados electorales, como siempre se ha hecho en Bolivia, por lo que reivindicar el ejercicio de este derecho es defender la democracia, independientemente de la opción que cada uno vaya a asumir.

Por: Edgar Ance

ACLO Regional Chuquisaca: C. Guillermo Loayza N° 274 - Casilla: 538 Telf.:(59-4) 6462453 - 6452230 - 6439597 - Fax: (591 - 4) 6462453 - Email: aclochuquisaca@aclo.org.bo
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ACLO Regional Tarija: Oruro E-I 458 - casilla: 1003 - Telfs.: (591 - 4) 6643425 - 6645042 Fax: (591 - 4) 6114026 - Email: aclotarija@aclo.org.bo - Tarija - Bolivia


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